Cannabidiol, or better known as CBD, is a product derived from cannabis. It is not a psychoactive. This characteristic makes CBD an appealing option for those who are looking for relief from pain without the feeling of getting “high” that is often associated with marijuana due to the Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) as the main psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis causing the “high” sensation.
Cannabis oils have been associated with relieving pain, anxiety, seizures (such as epilepsy), and acne. Some studies have investigated the role of CBD in preventing cancer cell growth, but research is still in its early stages.
At The Bohemian, we truly enjoy guiding our guests in finding the cannabis oils that work best for them. We would be pleased to help you with your experience, whether you are well experienced or looking for another way to heal for the first time. Visit our licensed cannabis stores in Port Moody or New Westminster [link to location page].
Below outlines ways to use cannabis oils written by Lift & Co’s author, Lauren Wilson. Hope this provides you with some more insight!
From: Lift & Co -- https://lift.co/magazine/how-to-use-cannabis-oil
Author: Lauren Wilson
In a rapidly changing medical and adult-use landscape, there are far more options for cannabis consumption than ever before. Aside from OG flower options there are concentrates, edibles, transdermal patches, topicals, oils and tinctures. Each mode of consumption has its own particular benefits and effects, but more and more people are seeking out cannabis oils for their ease of use and convenience.
Cannabis oil is a concentrate made by extracting cannabinoids such as THC and CBD into a carrier substance (oil). Most products available today involve high-tech extraction methods, where the cannabinoids are extracted and then added to a carrier such as MCT oil or hemp oil.
These processes are called “chemical extraction” methods (as opposed to “mechanical extraction” methods) because they involve a chemical solvent to extract the cannabinoids. There are a number of different solvents and processes commonly used for cannabis extraction, such as ethanol, butane and supercritical CO2, each with its own pros and cons for producers and consumers alike.
Along with cannabinoids, chemical extractions also pull out other beneficial compounds such as terpenes and flavonoids, along with less desirable compounds such as chlorophyll and waxes that can affect the final product’s look and taste. Right now, C02 extraction is becoming the gold standard because it is non-toxic and leaves no residual solvent in the final concentrate (among other reasons).
You can also make cannabis oils at home by extracting directly into oil, though this process takes time (see How to Make Cannabis Oil below) and is generally less efficient than chemical extractions.
Cannabis oil is generally taken sublingually, where it's absorbed by the mucous membrane under the tongue and inside the cheeks and eventually makes its way into the bloodstream.
Because it bypasses the stomach and liver, the bioavailability (the amount of cannabinoids that are actually available to your body after absorption) is higher than edibles, though not as high as other ingestion methods like smoking and vaping. Sublingual delivery generally takes 15 to 30 minutes to take effect, and lasts between four to six hours.
Cannabis oils can also be ingested like an edible or capsule, by adding it to smoothies, yogurt or any other food or drink.
When ingested, cannabis oil passes through the stomach and eventually to the liver, where it undergoes something called “first-pass metabolism.”
When cannabinoids take the scenic route and pass through the liver, they undergo changes that affect both the way your body utilizes them and the effect they will have. This is why edibles containing THC have the reputation for being more potent and psychedelic than other forms of consumption. Not only this, but a significant quantity is destroyed by stomach acid or broken down entirely by digestive enzymes and not used by your body at all.
This is also why onset of action is much longer, anywhere from 30 to 90 minutes depending on what you ate that day and your metabolism, among other things. The effects will last much longer, too, anywhere from six to eight hours. But because of the “first-pass effect” caused by metabolization in the liver, the bioavailability of anything you ingest is generally lower. Depending on a person’s own GI tract, absorption can be both slow and inconsistent.
Finding the best dose to take is an individualized process. Dosage will depend on a myriad of factors including why you're taking it, your personal physiology, endocannabinoid system, and sensitivity.
The well-used adage of “start low and go slow” is a good one because you ideally want to take the lowest possible dose that provides the effects you're after. Starting low means begin with a low dose, perhaps even lower than might be recommended on the product label. OrganiGram suggests starting with five drops and waiting an hour or two to see how you feel. Going slow means slowly increasing the dose until you reach the desired effect, giving your body at least a few days to adjust to the change in dose and to observe its effect.
Recent literature on the topic by Dr. Caroline MacCallum from the University of British Columbia and Dr. Ethan Russo of the International Cannabis and Cannabinoids Institute suggests a wise addition to the “start low go slow” mantra for dosing: “stay low.” Staying low underscores the importance of getting to that lowest possible dose where you achieve the results you are looking for.
More doesn’t always mean better and there is likely a very specific dosage window that will work best for you, often referred to as “the sweet spot.” While you may need to adjust that dose over time, research suggests that most people can be fairly consistent with their dosage over the long term.
The process for making an oil at home is not unlike the process for making cannabutter. You will need to decarboxylate your ground cannabis before slowly heating the cannabis and oil over several hours, either in a double boiler or a crockpot. Any oil can be used, though a popular choice is coconut oil because its high fatty acid content is great for fat-loving cannabinoids.
Calculating the exact potency of your oil is tricky without having it lab tested, because cannabinoids and terpenes will be lost in the extraction process. That said, you can estimate the potency with some simple calculations. For example, say you started with a strain that had a THC content of 20%. If you infused 1 cup of oil with 3.5 grams of ground decarboxylated cannabis, then the approximate potency would be: 3.5 grams x 20% = 700 mg in one cup of oil. Since there are about 237 ml in one cup, if you took one dropper of oil (the standard serving size of droppers is 1 ml), the dose would be about 3mg/ml.
The biggest enemies of your cannabis oil are heat, light, air and time. All of these environmental factors will degrade the cannabinoid and terpene content. So store your oil in a cool, dark and dry place such as a cabinet or in the refrigerator. Be sure to clearly label your oil, and keep it out of reach to children and pets.
If you've followed any of the discussions about legalized cannabis over the past year, you’ve likely heard at least one person say, “I’m not interested in getting high, but I do want to try CBD.”
Cannabidiol, or CBD, is attractive for people interested in exploring the therapeutic side of cannabis without any of the psychoactive effects. Essentially, it’s a way to get in on the action without getting high.
But what exactly is CBD, and what does it do? To understand CBD, it helps to understand a little bit about the chemistry of cannabis and how this particular cannabinoid is being used for everything from pain management to anxiety relief.
In short, cannabinoids are the chemical compounds found within the cannabis flower that interact with receptors in the human body. The human body is equipped with a system of endocannabinoids, which are the neurotransmitters affected by cannabis. Different cannabinoids interact with these neurotransmitters in different ways.
Any given bud contains dozens and dozens of the 100+ cannabinoids identified by scientists so far, which appear in varying quantities in different strains.
Despite there being so many different cannabinoids, the big two that people are most concerned about, and are most prevalent in any plant, are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and CBD, though researchers are starting to further explore the medicinal effects of some of the lesser-known cannabinoids.
Chemically speaking, CBD and THC are very similar. However, they interact with the human body in different ways. In a nutshell, THC bonds to receptors within the brain, creating a psychoactive effect that makes you feel stoned or high.
CBD is believed to do its work on the central nervous and immune systems while also helping the body’s natural endocannabinoids to kick into action on their own, helping to alleviate pain, reduce inflammation, and put you in a relaxed mood, rather than stimulating your brain in a psychoactive way. Cannabis plants will typicall contain both cannabinoids, and the ratio will depend on the strain.
One thing to note: while CBD oil derived from hemp (which only contains trace amounts of THC) has a presence on the market, many experts believe that CBD is most effective when combined with THC. For this reason, many CBD consumers prefer using CBD-forward cannabis strains rather than products that involve completely isolating the CBD from other cannabinoids.
Many CBD advocates will tell you that the cannabinoid is a miracle drug that cures absolutely everything. Most healthcare professionals will talk about what CBD “may” do rather than offering any guaranteed claims, as a lot of the research on CBD’s medicinal effects is still in progress. Many CBD-related studies focus on treating conditions related to inflammation, chronic pain and seizures, as well as anxiety and insomnia.
In 2018, the prescription CBD drug Epidiolex became the first cannabis-derived medicine approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Epidiolex is used to treat seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome, two forms of epilepsy.
While some CBD consumers will describe an “uplifting” feeling that comes from a high concentration of CBD, that sensation is different than the high that comes from THC, which directly affects receptors within the brain to impart a psychoactive effect. This means there’s no cognitive impairment that comes with ingesting CBD — you can go about your daily business without worrying about feeling stoned.
CBD has been anecdotally reported to negate the effects of THC, but as with other aspects of its medical efficacy, it hasn't been widely studied yet — it's more likely that CBD's anti-anxiety properties may decrease feelings of anxiety and paranoia that THC sometimes creates.
Hemp-derived CBD products are common in regions where recreational cannabis use is illegal. However, CBD products derived from cannabis tend to have a higher concentration of CBD, and usually a little bit of THC as well (though not enough to get you high).
CBD is most commonly consumed in the form of CBD oil, which uses a food-safe carrier such as coconut oil, hemp seed oil or apple cider vinegar, or as a CBD tincture, which uses alcohol as a base. These products are taken under the tongue (sublingually).
CBD oils and tinctures can be infused into cannabis gummies or other foods and drinks, though be careful not to heat the oil too high, as it can affect the cannabinoids. CBD can also be applied via topical lotions or creams to relieve inflammation and muscle ache.
Finally, if you don’t mind a little bit of THC in the mix, try a CBD-forward cannabis strain. Some strains carry as little as 0.6% THC, which will offer almost no THC buzz, while imparting the benefits of the CBD.
Edibles can be unpredictable, but with the right knowledge and preparation, first-time users can consume with peace of mind. To help with just that, Lift & Co. has compiled the must-knows on edibles -- what they are, what effects they cause, and how to use them responsibly.
The term “edible” broadly refers to any kind of digestible product infused with cannabis, including baked goods, candies, and beverages. You’ll be able to find them at authorized cannabis retailers or on the Ontario Cannabis Store (OCS) website.
While there are plenty of precautions you can take to avoid having a bad experience with edibles, consuming them does come with risks.
In the short term, it’s easy to consume too much too quickly, as it takes between 30 minutes to four hours to feel the effects of a cannabis edible. Consuming too much, too soon may lead to cannabis poisoning, or what’s colloquially called a “green out.” Symptoms of cannabis poisoning can include increased heart rate and blood pressure, anxiety, paranoia, drowsiness, confusion, concentration issues, and vomiting. These symptoms can be avoided by understanding the risks and avoiding overconsumption.
Because the effects of cannabis take longer to kick in when it’s digested, it’s important to start low and go slow. Experts recommend starting with a dose of THC of 2.5 mg or less.
In the long term, consuming cannabis can include risk of addiction, trouble concentrating, memory loss, and impaired decision-making abilities. There is also evidence that frequent cannabis use can increase your risk of chronic psychosis disorders, including schizophrenia. People who are genetically predisposed to schizophrenia may show symptoms sooner when consuming cannabis.
The best way to avoid any of these long-term effects is to consume edibles responsibly. If you’re a frequent consumer, keep a close eye on how you feel when you’re not consuming them — if you have trouble with cognitive functioning when you’re not high, it might be worth paring back your habits a bit. You may want to keep a cannabis diary to track your consumption habits and take note of how various products and dosages make you feel.
Because of the way your body processes cannabis when consumed, the effects of edibles can feel different than those felt when you smoke or inhale cannabis. While edibles can be safer for your lungs, they can still be unpredictable.
When you smoke or vape, cannabis compounds enter your bloodstream through your lungs, but when you ingest cannabis products, the compounds are processed by your stomach, liver, and the rest of your digestive system. In the latter scenario, THC and CBD take longer to kick in (30 minutes to four hours compared to minutes when smoking).
As a general rule, you should start with a low amount of THC (2.5 mg or less) and take it slow. Wait to feel the effects before consuming more.
If it’s your first time consuming edibles, regardless of how much experience you have smoking cannabis, you should start with a beginner dose (see above).
Every consumer is different, and a multitude of factors can affect one’s tolerance levels.
You should begin feeling the effects of edibles anywhere between half an hour and four hours, and they could last for up to 12 hours. If you take your first dose and don’t feel any effects within that time frame, it’s probably worth waiting before taking any more. If you hastily take too much early on, it could lead to unpleasant and potentially dangerous symptoms.
FROM: High There : https://highthere.com/cannabis-strain-types-recommendations/
Cannabis comes in many varieties and sub-species. Farmers have been breeding difference varieties with certain characteristics to create hybrids and strains for years and year now. These varieties come with different concentrations of THC and CBD, as well as other compounds.
We love testing,
Whether you’re just getting into the marijuana world or have been at it for a little while, it’s important to learn the different strains of weed out there. This applies to both recreational users and medical marijuana users. Learning about the different strains of marijuana will enable you to discover what you prefer, give you the specific results you want at any given time, and also make your purchasing process easier and more specific.
Below, discover the different marijuana strains in the market.
This is one of the major Cannabis strains the industry. The Indica strain is known to provide a mellow, relaxed, weightless, and relaxed sensation. It’s predominantly the strain in reference in the media. And it’s also the same strain in reference when you recall about the summer of ’69.
Because of its particular set of effects, the Indica strain is best consumed in the evenings when one is looking to relax, to de-stress or to get some good night’s sleep. It’s also a great recreational option when just hanging out and chilling indoors.
Some of the popular Indica strains in the market include Black Beauty, Super Glue, Granddaddy Purple, God’s Gift, Northern Lights, Ice, etc.
The Sativa strain is the other major option in the marijuana market. Unlike the Indica strain, the Sativa strains provide feelings of bravery, courage, confidence, charisma, energy, and so on. In a way, they provide a completely different high compared to the Indica strains.
As a result, Sativa strains are best used when one is looking to improve their mood. Most people consume this strain during the day as they go about their various duties so that they can remain upbeat. Some great applications include when depressed or feeling anxiety, when undertaking fun outdoor activities, when undertaking hard manual tasks, and when feeling anxious about impending social interactions.
Some of the popular Sativa strains in the market include Maui Waui, Purple Haze, Harlequin, White Fire OG, Ghost Train Haze, Super Sour Diesel, Charlotte’s Web, etc.
Hybrids are blended strains of both the Sativa and the Indica strains. They provide the best of both worlds. Most of the hybrid strains may lean more towards being Sativa or Indica depending on the concentrations of each applied. As a result, each particular hybrid offers a completely different experience.
Hybrids are ideal for tokers who want to feel a more balanced high, as opposed to feeling either mellow or upbeat. Once you learn about the different hybrid strains, you can start to consume strains that offer you the right balance of Sativa and Indica based on what you’re looking to feel.
Common hybrid strains in the market include Pineapple Express, Trainwreck, Chernobyl, White Widow, Girl Scout Cookies, OG, Kush, Wonder Woman, Mendo Purps, etc.
It’s not possible to name all the strains available under these three main strain categories on this post. However, the information above should be enough to guide you as you sample the different strains out there. Note that new strains are introduced into the market regularly. Also, each strain variety has different levels of THC and some can be quite potent.